# Understanding Variable Cost vs. Fixed Cost

## What is cost structure in business model?

The cost structure example startup refers to the types of business cost structure that will impact the success of a startup. The major components of such cost structure are variable and fixed costs. Examples include sales commissions, product cost, cost of labor and raw materials used in manufacturing, etc.

A graphics design firm has mostly fixed costs that do not vary significantly with each new client. Major fixed costs include wages & benefits, amortization of equipment, taxes, interest, rent, advertising, utilities, insurance, software, education and computing services. The firms only variable costs are office expenses such as printing materials for client presentations, travel and business services. For businesses selling products, variable costs might include direct materials, commissions, and piece-rate wages.

### What is a cost structure example?

Cost structure refers to the types and relative proportions of fixed and variable costs that a business incurs. The concept can be defined in smaller units, such as by product, service, product line, customer, division, or geographic region.

A small percentage decrease in revenue will cause a larger percentage decrease net income. Since Fran Company has a fixed cost structure, it has operating leverage and a 20% percentage increase revenue results in a greater than 20% percentage increase in net income.

In economics, variable costs and fixed costs are the two main costs a company has when producing goods and services. A variable cost varies with the amount produced, while a fixed cost remains the same no matter how much output a company produces.

## Cost structure

Total variable costs increase proportionately as volume increases, while variable costs per unit remain unchanged. For example, if the bicycle company incurred variable costs of \$200 per unit, total variable costs would be \$200 if only one bike was produced and \$2,000 if 10 bikes were produced. However, variable costs applied per unit would be \$200 for both the first and the tenth bike. The company’s total costs are a combination of the fixed and variable costs.

If the bicycle company produced 10 bikes, its total costs would be \$1,000 fixed plus \$2,000 variable equals \$3,000, or \$300 per unit. A technology startup currently has no variable costs or taxes because they have little revenue.

Major fixed costs include bank charges, computing fees, travel, advertising & promotion, business services, software, education, rent and supplies. Most equipment and software is leased and the firm has little property or amortization. When the firm matures and obtains more revenue, its cost structure will change dramatically with variable costs becoming a component of spend.

## How to Determine if a Cost is Fixed or Variable

You must know the difference so you can plan sales and production efforts. Fixed costs show your current break-even point, and variable costs tell you how much you need to increase spending to improve your income. If volume increases by 20%, profitability will increase by more than 20%. Since total fixed costs do not change as volume increases, they act as a lever that causes small changes in revenue to have disproportionate effects on net income. A small percentage increase in revenue will cause a larger percentage increase in net income.

The reverse of fixed costs are variable costs, which vary with changes in the activity level of a business. Examples of variable costs are direct materials, piece rate labor, and commissions. In the short-term, there tend to be far fewer types of variable costs than fixed costs. Fixed costs are expenses you must pay every month regardless of the productivity and profitability of your business. Variable costs grow when you make increased efforts in sales or production.

• It is important to understand the behavior of the different types of expenses as production or sales volume increases.

For service providers, variable expenses are composed of wages, bonuses, and travel costs. For project-based businesses, costs such as wages and other project expenses are dependent on the number of hours invested in each of the projects.

It is very important for small business owners to understand how their various costs respond to changes in the volume of goods or services produced. The breakdown of a company’s underlying expenses determines the profitable price level for its products or services, as well as many aspects of its overall business strategy. Although fixed costs do not vary with changes in production or sales volume, they may change over time.

For example, a company may pay a sales person a monthly salary (a fixed cost) plus a percentage commission for every unit sold above a certain level (a variable cost). A business is sometimes deliberately structured to have a higher proportion of fixed costs than variable costs, so that it generates more profit per unit produced. Of course, this concept only generates outsized profits after all fixed costs for a period have been offset by sales.

## Fixed Costs

Fixed costs are costs that remain unchanged regardless of the amount of output a company produces, while variable costs change with production volume. While variable costs tend to remain flat, the impact of fixed costs on a company’s bottom line can change based on the number of products it produces. The price of a greater amount of goods can be spread over the same amount of a fixed cost. A fixed cost is the other cost incurred by businesses and corporations. Unlike the variable cost, a company’s fixed cost does not vary with the volume of production.

Economies of scale are another area of business that can only be understood within the framework of fixed and variable expenses. Economies of scale are possible because in most production operations the fixed costs are not related to production volume; variable costs are. Large production runs therefore “absorb” more of the fixed costs. The cost of setting up will be the same whether the printer produces one copy or 10,000. If the set-up cost is \$55 and the printer produces 500 copies, each copy will carry 11 cents worth of the setup cost-;the fixed costs.

It is important to understand the behavior of the different types of expenses as production or sales volume increases. Total fixed costs remain unchanged as volume increases, while fixed costs per unit decline. For example, if a bicycle business had total fixed costs of \$1,000 and only produced one bike, then the full \$1,000 in fixed costs must be applied to that bike. On the other hand, if the same business produced 10 bikes, then the fixed costs per unit decline to \$100.

As a result, a percentage change in number of units sold provides a disproportionate percentage change in net income. The period versus product costs classification issue is not directly related to operating leverage.

Some fixed costs are incurred at the discretion of a company’s management, such as advertising and promotional expense, while others are not. It is important to remember that all non-discretionary fixed costs will be incurred even if production or sales volume falls to zero.

It remains the same even if no goods or services are produced, and therefore, cannot be avoided. fixed cost When the number of units sold changes, revenue and variable costs change proportionately. As a result, when the number of units sold increases, a variable cost structure produces a proportionate percentage change in revenue and net income. In contrast, when cost are fixed and the number of units sold increases, revenue increases but costs do not.

## 12 Cost Structure

But if 10,000 pages are printed, each page carries only 0.55 cents of set-up cost. The cost structure example startup refers to the types of business cost structure that will impact the success of a startup. The major components of such cost structure are variable and fixed costs. Variable costs are costs that change in direct proportion to production/selling activities. Examples include sales commissions, product cost, cost of labor and raw materials used in manufacturing, etc.